Phonology : The sounds patterns of language


Phonology is the study of how speech sounds form patterns. Phonology tells us what sounds are in a language and which explains why certain phonetic features are important to identifying a word. In phonology, you will learn the pronunciation of plural morphemes in English and the minimal pair ( two words with different meaning that are identical except for one sound that occurs in the same place in each word ).Phonemes are the basic unit of sound and is sensed in your mind rather than spoken out or heard. The English past tense morpheme also has different pronunciations depending on the last sound of the verb.

Comparison of phonetic and phonology

Phonetics … Phonology …
Is the basis for phonological analysis. Is the basis for further work in morphology, syntax, discourse, and orthography design.
Analyzes the production of all human speech sounds, regardless of language. Analyzes the sound patterns of a particular language by

  • determining which phonetic sounds are significant, and
  • explaining how these sounds are interpreted by the native speaker.

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