Syntax : The sentence patterns of language

Syntax is a level of grammar that is specifically refers to the arrangement of words and morphemes in the construction of sentences. It have descriptive syntax and prescriptive syntax. Syntax describe the relationship between the meaning of a particular group of words. Sentences is a string of words that is grammatically complete with at least two component, a subject and a predicate. Constituents are the units being combined to create larger syntactic constructions. A tree diagram with syntactic category information is called phrase structure tree or a constituent structure tree. Transformational rules accounts for relationship between sentences such as declarative and interrogative pairs, including wh questions.

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