Corcodance Exercise

B. Concordance

We are be divided into several groups to work on 10 phrases. Each group was assign to choose one of the phrases, and our group decided to work on the phrase   “ I have a dream.

1. I have a dream
2. one hundred years
3. we refuse
4. satisfied
5. Now is the time
6. With this faith
7. go back
8. this will be the day
9. free at last
10. Let freedom ring

Frequency

We were used AntConc software to know the frequency of the phrase “ I have a dream ”. Based on the speech from Martin Luther King Jr. ,the frequency of the phrase “ I have a dream ” is 8 times.

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Anaphora

Anaphora (repeating words at the beginning of neighbouring clauses) is a commonly used rhetorical device. Repeating the word twice sets the pattern, and further repetitions emphasize the pattern and increase the rhetorical effect. ‘I have a dream’ is repeated in eight successive sentences, and is one of the most often cited examples of anaphora in modern rhetoric. For example, Martin Luther King Jr. emphasizes the phrases by repeating at the beginning of sentences.

Metapor

Metaphors allow you to associate your speech concepts with concrete images and emotions. To highlight the contrast between two abstract concepts, consider associating them with contrasting concrete metaphors. For example, Martin Luther King Jr. uses the word ‘dream’ as a frame for the future and sets the stage of the rest of the words.

Martin Luther King Jr. chooses his words brilliantly in the speech and each of the words have deep meaning. The speech really inspired the audience to keep listening what he was tried to say.

Source: http://sixminutes.dlugan.com/speech-analysis-dream-martin-luther-king/

Meaning

I have a dream that one day

The dream is a frame for the future and sets the stage for the rest of the words. ‘Dream’ is vague aspiration. ‘one day’ starts to make it specific.

I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia

Repeating the ‘dream’, hammering home the hope for the future.

‘red’ hints at blood, implying pain, struggle and injustice. Georgia symbolizes the South.

I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi,

Repeating the ‘dream’ phrase again to complete a triple.

‘even’ implies that Mississippi is one of the worst examples of racism. Yet this, too, is included in the dream.

‘state’ points at the formal State organization, noting that racism is institutionalized there.

I have a dream that my four children

The dream metaphor again. Now it is turning from a triple into a theme.

Children are always evocative. ‘my’ makes it personal to King and hence also personal to everyone listening.

I have a dream today!

Ending as beginning, bracketing the whole paragraph.

Note that this is said on a rising upswing, not as a declining completion.

I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama,

The dream metaphor again. Alabama is mentioned because of its sadistic racists.

I have a dream today!

Ending as beginning, bracketing the whole paragraph.

Note that this is said on a rising upswing, not as a declining completion.

I have a dream that one day every

valley shall be exalted,

The dream metaphor again. He means about ‘every valley shall be exalted’ is about changes and need to be equal.

The repitition of the phrase “ I have a dream ”  shows the significance that Martin Luther King Jr. wants to show that he really want everyone respect to each other, live together without any hassle and do not be racist. He also want all people treat equally. Persecution and injustice made him want to led the people fight for freedom.

Source: http://changingminds.org/analysis/i_have_a_dream.htm

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